SpO2 – Normal blood oxygen levels (saturation)
Oxygen saturation, commonly referred to as blood oxygen level and also known as SpO2, measures the amount of oxygen that is in your blood. More precisely, oxygen saturation is the measure of what percentage of hemoglobin is bound to oxygen molecules. The pulse oximeter is the non-invasive instrument that allows to take such measure thanks
What causes crackling sound in ear? Eustachian tube dysfunction and other diagnoses
Crackling or popping noises in the ears are a fairly common symptom. When patients report of crackling sounds, these are described as the sound of Rice Krispies often without any pain or discomfort. There are many possible causes of tinnitus, which is the medical term for any sound coming from within the ear and with
What is a lucency? Meaning of X Ray and CT scan terms
After getting an X Ray or CT scan, you may have encountered the term lucency in the report written by the radiologist. If you wonder what lucencies are, the answer is both simple and complicated at the same time, keep reading to understand why. What are lucencies? Radiographs, commonly known as X Rays, are images
U and E blood test: Urea and Electrolytes
U and E, often written as U+E, U&E or U/E is a medical abbreviation that stands for Urea and Electrolytes, two commonly prescribed blood tests. What is U and E blood test prescribed for? U and E blood test may be prescribed as part of a routine health check-up or to investigate other conditions: it
How to get skinny calves? Best ways for smaller calves
For some, slim calves with long toned thighs is what they consider a great pair of legs. Especially during spring and summer, with warmer weather and less clothing, women may feel self-conscious about their legs and look for ways to improve their shape. Like all body parts though, there is no standard for nice legs
What is microneedling? Skin needling therapy guide
Microneedling is a new type of treatment performed in cosmetic dermatology practices with a wide range of applications. It is mainly used to treat scars, acne, stretch marks, wrinkles and for overall facial and skin rejuvenation. Because microneedling is relatively cheap, simple to perform and with no downtime, it has gained popularity over the past
Face moisturizers: humectant, emollient or occlusive?
Skin moisturizers are one of the most purchased skincare products. They serve an important function which is restoring a disrupted skin barrier, increasing its water content and preventing water loss. Moisturizers are not just for dry skin types, they are an important element in every skincare routine. Not all moisturizers are the same and there
What is transepidermal water loss or TEWL?
Transepidermal water loss or TEWL is considered to be one of the most important parameters that help to understand and evaluate skin health and to assess its barrier function. Being a barrier between the inside of the body and the external environment is one of the main functions of the skin but it’s not the
Cosmeceutical Skincare: best antioxidant serum for the skin
Antioxidant serums are a great addition to skincare routines when it comes to preventing the signs of aging. Most of us know some of the factors that have an impact on how fast and how well we age: diet, UV exposure, and smoking. These 3 factors have one thing in common: a role in oxidation.