Urology

Creatinine test: High levels of creatinine causes and meaning

High creatinine levels in a blood test may be a reason for concern for many people reading their test results as they are related to how well the kidneys are working and may be a sign of kidney disease. What is creatinine? Creatinine is the byproduct of muscle metabolism. Creatine, which is stored in the …

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Nephrolithiasis: kidney stones symptoms and treatment

What is nephrolithiasis? Nephrolithiasis or urolithiasis is most commonly known as kidney stone disease. Kidney stones (a.k.a. renal calculi) are solid crystals that form in the urinary tract and are a common health issue; statistics vary among countries and in the US the lifetime risk of developing kidney stones is around 7% for females and …

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