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Nephrolithiasis: kidney stones symptoms and treatment

What is nephrolithiasis? Nephrolithiasis or urolithiasis is most commonly known as kidney stone disease. Kidney stones (a.k.a. renal calculi) are solid crystals that form in the urinary tract and are a common health issue; statistics vary among countries and in the US the lifetime risk of developing kidney stones is around 7% for females and

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HIV Rash – Characteristics and causes of skin rash in HIV+

What is an HIV skin rash? A skin rash is a skin condition characterized by redness of the skin, red spots or small red bumps on the skin, itchiness (pruritus) and sometime discomfort or pain. It can be both an early sign of acute HIV infection as part of the flu-like symptoms developing 1-6 weeks

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Doppler ultrasound exam and color doppler test

What is a doppler ultrasound? Also known as doppler ultrasonography, the doppler ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging test that uses high-frequency sound waves to show the blood flow through blood vessels in real time. It uses the same technology of a standard ultrasound exam, but applies to it the doppler effect, by having the sound

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Complete Abdominal Ultrasound Exam

What is a complete abdominal ultrasound? A complete abdominal ultrasound is a type of diagnostic imaging test that uses sound waves to look at the organs and other structures within the abdomen. A small probe handled by the doctor slides directly on the skin with the help of some gel. The probe, called a transducer,

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Metformin (Glucophage) – Uses, dosage, side effects

What is metformin (Glucophage)? Metformin is an oral medication that helps control blood sugar levels and that is mainly used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It works by decreasing insulin resistance (increasing insulin sensitivity), decreasing the amount of glucose released into the blood stream by the liver, and also by decreasing intestinal absorption

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Condyloma – HPV and Genital Warts

Condyloma acuminata, better known as HPV genital warts, are a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV genital warts can affect both women and men and can affect both the genital and the oral area. What are genital warts? Genital warts are small growths on the skin usually having the same

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Inguinal Hernia – Symptoms and Treatment

An inguinal hernia is a bulging in the pubic or groin area of the abdomen, near the left or right inguinal canal, which develops due to a weak abdominal wall. The small intestine or fat tissue may push through such weakness and protrude resulting in a bulge and often in groin pain, especially when exercising,

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Hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) – Symptoms and Treatment

Hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a generally mild but highly contagious disease caused by a virus. It usually affects children below 10 and in particular those below 5, however it is also possible for adults to get the disease. Hand foot and mouth disease is commonly caused by a coxsackievirus, but other types

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What is Allergic Cough? Symptoms and remedies

Allergic cough is defined as cough caused by allergy rather than an infection. Cough is one of the most common signs and symptoms of diseases both in adults and children, from a common and transient respiratory tract infection as the common cold to more serious and chronic illnesses which can even be life-threatening. In this

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