Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a medical treatment for the transgender, transsexual or non-binary gender patients with a diagnosis of gender dysphoria. Its goal is to relieve the dysphoria and lead to psychological well-being by minimizing the secondary sexual characteristics of the gender assigned at birth (biological gender) and by inducing the development of the
Permanent hair removal with the use of laser or intense pulsed light devices is a technique that evolved greatly since its introduction in the late 1980s and its approval by the FDA in 1996. Nowadays, such devices are widely used in dermatology and aesthetic medicine practices with an increased demand for permanent hair removal procedures.
Venous disease is a widespread problem that affects 40% to 55% of the population. Varicose veins, reticular veins and spider veins (telangiectasia) are the most common vascular disorders of the lower extremities and their incidence increases with age. Varicose veins are caused by venous insufficiency, a vascular problem due to the failing of venous valves
The second class of skin lightening agents is the one of the non-phenolic compounds. Equally to the phenolic compounds of which we already discussed, these agents are used to treat melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Aloe Vera Extract Aloin is extracted from the leaves of Aloe Vera which is a common ingredient in many cosmeceutical
Hyperpigmentation disorders are among the most common findings in dermatology practices. The majority of these pigmentation disorders are: Melasma Chloasma (Melasma affecting pregnant women) Solar Lentigines Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation While individuals of all ages and skin hues can be affected, some groups have an increased incidence of such diseases, like women of reproductive age and darker
Botanicals are a large and diverse group of chemicals, which are extracted from leaves, seeds, bark, roots, and flowers of plants. They have been used in medicine / traditional medicine since human history and there is trace of their cosmetic use since ancient Egypt. Recently they have been brought to fame again by
The benefits of Hydroxy Acids (HA) were discovered almost 5 decades ago, during the 1970s, by two researchers looking for treatment for a family of rare genetic disorders (ichthyosis) in which dead skin cells, instead of shedding, accumulate in thick dry scales. After discovering the exfoliating effects of alpha-hydroxyacids, further research proved also the anti-aging